Updated: Apr 11
Although you've likely heard of the "six-pack," you may not be too familiar with the term "core". That's because there is more to core training than simply having a six-pack.
Our core is composed of several layers, such as transverse abdominis, multifidus, internal and external obliques, erector spinae, diaphragm, pelvic floor muscles and the rectus abdominis (THIEME, 2021). All together these muscles work to protect and control posture; stabilize joints; generate movement; transfer energy between limbs and between upper-lower body; plus participate in breathing (Shveyd, 2014).
Dr. Stuart McGill, an expert on back pain mechanism and rehabilitation (McGill, 2014), states that core muscle weakness can lead to health issues such as lower back pain. We can optimize our core health with bodybuilding-style exercises but a great program should take into account variables like lifestyle and sports; powerlifters will benefit more from plank exercises rather than crunches or sit-ups since their sport requires less spinal mobility and stiffness.
Experts agree that core stiffness is crucial for injury prevention, and can't be optimized through various types of exercises such as crunch exercises. There are many ways to develop a strong core, according to experts, including adding instability/imbalance into your routine. www.legacy-therapeutics.com
McGill, D. S. (2014, 11 30). Why Everyone needs Core Training. Retrieved from backfitpro: https://www.backfitpro.com/everyone-needs-core-training/ Shveyd, L. (2014, March 03). Core Composition and Function: The Core of 2014 Part 1. Retrieved from functional movement: https://www.functionalmovement.com/.../core_composition... THIEME, T. (2021, Jan 25). What Trainers Mean When They Talk About Your 'Core'. Retrieved from menshealth: https://www.menshealth.com/fitness/a35307843/core-muscles/ See less
— in Bel-Aire.